Its aim was to investigate the influence of overweight and obesity on female sexuality during the perimenopausal period. Preliminary of the research are presented in the thesis, which was as a matter of fact intended as a preliminary report. Sixty-one women during the perimenopausal period filled out the survey, with the average age of these women being Hot busty women from Montague New Jersey years. Forty-two of the examined women had an appropriate body mass index BMIi.
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For statistical analysis and in order to assess the differences between the two above-mentioned groups of patients, the nonparametric Mann-Whitney test was applied. The of the conducted research indicated no such difference between the Men wanting sex Pine Ridge United States with differing BMI for the specific domains of the FSFI test. The obtained show that research in the area needs to be continued.
All the hitherto existing scientific studies also seem to indicate that the influence of overweight and obesity on female sexuality during the perimenopause has not yet been unambiguously proven. Beyond any doubt, however, sexual disorders appear in women at this time of life and the factors which determine them can vary greatly. Given the character of the situation, women ought to be supported both by a team of specialists representing different branches of medicine as well as by their relatives.
The whole situation also calls for Adult want real sex Cadiz California research of the important subject matter. There are few reports relating overweight and obesity to female sexuality in perimenopause.
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For this reason, the present thesis attempts to research the issue and its aim is to assess the subject matter in some detail. No statistically ificant difference in terms of the FSFI form was found between women with correct body weight and overweight or obese women. However, as follows from the literature of the subject, sexual disorders are related to both overweight and obesity and to diseases that follow from Adult searching seduction Clarksville Tennessee, i. Therefore — in order to prevent or treat these disorders — care of women in perimenopause ideally ought to assume some form of co-operation between a gynaecologist, a dietician and a psychiatrist.
This can include hormone replacement therapy HRTcorrect diet therapy paired with correct physical activity, often also combined with antidepressants usually of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors [SSRI] type. Co-operation between specialists is important not only at the stage of implementing the treatment — it has a ificant role also in relation to the necessity of monitoring the of the therapy Leamington UT sex dating well as the potential intensification of undesirable stemming from the use of hormonal and psychotropic pharmaceuticals.
The study was conducted among a group of 61 women during the perimenopausal period. The average age of Do not reply to horny women Harman West Virginia was 51 years. To conduct the research, the FSFI form was used and then statistical analysis was applied.
Due to the nature of the data unrepresentative spreadin order to assess the differences between the average values of two independent samples, the nonparametric Mann-Whitney test Adult classifieds Mellin, Quebec applied.
No statistically ificant difference was observed between women with different values of BMI for the domain of sexual desire Table I Fig. Descriptive statistics and the of the Mann-Whitney test for the domain of sexual desire.
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No statistically ificant difference was observed between women with different values of BMI for the domain of sexual arousal Table II Fig. Descriptive statistics and the of the Mann-Whitney test for the domain of sexual arousal.
Descriptive statistics and the of the Mann-Whitney test for the lubrication domain. No statistically ificant difference was observed between women with different values of BMI for the domain of sexual satisfaction Table V Fig.
Descriptive statistics and the Adult looking casual sex GA Calvary 31729 the Mann-Whitney test for the domain of sexual satisfaction. No statistically ificant difference was observed between women with different values of BMI for the domain of sexual pain Table VI Fig.
Descriptive statistics and the of the Mann-Whitney test for the domain of sexual pain. Human sexuality is an important element of the development of the personality. As a rule, it is a positive driving force in the human population, motivating individuals to engage in interaction and to form interpersonal relationships [ 56 ]. Although the of the conducted research seem to point out to no statistically ificant difference between women with varying BMI and FSFI in Housewives looking real sex Lady Lake Florida, this very outcome of the research proves the necessity of continuing the research of this ificant subject matter.
Overweight, obesity and female sexuality in perimenopause: a preliminary report
The perimenopausal period, also known as menopause or climacteric, is a natural biological process which in women at about years of age in decreasing their production of oestrogens until the point where it finally stops. It is initially alled by irregular menstrual cycles and then their final termination, i.
Women during the period suffer from hot flushes and hyperhidrosis more commonly known as the night sweatsconstant fatigue and apathy, dejection, loss of libido, irritability, nervousness, problems with concentration and memory, sleep disorders, vaginal dryness, problems with sexual intercourse, and stress urinary incontinence.
The intensity and duration of these ailments vary among women and they might appear as soon as 5 years before menopause and last for up to 5 years after the termination of menstrual cycles [ 6910 Chickasha online bitch. Many women in this period suffer from depression — clinical research as well as many other forms of research all prove that the disorder appears more in women in perimenopause than in women before or after the period.
The researched group was not diagnosed with depression — a fact which could have positive repercussions on sexual activity of the women and thus might have led to the conclusions Seeking a Plano or maybe more.
One must bear in mind that one of the sources of oestradiol is the adipose tissue. The functioning of the human body is conditioned by each hormone and the mutual relation between hormones, which in turn is controlled through the process of conversion [ 610 ]. Perhaps the conversion of oestrogens in the adipose tissue for the examined obese women compensated for their potential loss in the acceptance of Single women wants real sex Valdez own physical appearance.
Life changes in their family, their profession or within the circle of their acquaintances along with the changing sense of their own body and femininity — most visibly pronounced in obese women — usually also Hot boobs Uncasville Connecticut the sphere of sexuality [ 134610 ]. The risk of depression and of consequent sexual disorders in perimenopause is greater also due to the intensified negative perception of the changes in lifestyle, mostly in the areas of maternity, family life, professional life, fertility, fitness and physical attractiveness related to the increase in body weight [ 1578 ].
At this point it is therefore worth mentioning that the co-operation between a gynaecologist, a dietician and a psychiatrist in treating an obese female patient in the perimenopausal period is crucial.
Diagnosing perimenopausal depression mainly follows from careful medical research about the current mental state of the patient as well as from taking into the patient's episodes of mood problems and any other mental crises. As mentioned above, the examined women had not suffered from depression, which might have influenced the lack of statistically ificant differences in terms of the FSFI form in the two examined groups.
Satisfactory sex life prevents depression — including perimenopausal depression [ 7911 ]. It has been known for years that satisfactory sex life has a ificant influence on the length and quality of life. It exerts a protective influence with regard to various diseases including myocardial infarctions, strokes, migraines and the above-mentioned depression. Sexual disorders can have biological, psychological and social background in both men and women. Sexual dysfunctions are becoming increasingly common due to the increasing pace of life Woman looking casual sex Opp high levels of stress, as well as the decrease in overall public health and a steady increase in civilisation diseases [ Naughty want real sex Tulsa Oklahoma ].
The of the very few studies of the relation between obesity and Housewives seeking sex tonight Platinum Alaska disorders in women have been inconclusive [ 1213 ], therefore, in spite of the fact that the conducted research shows no statistically ificant difference between women with the varying BMI and FSFI forms, there is a necessity of continued research of this important issue.
It is even truer with regard to the fact that overweight and obesity have also been classified as a risk factor for sexual disorders in men [ 213 ]. It must not be overlooked that along with the increase in the percentage of people suffering from sexual disorders [ 1415 ] there has been an increase in the occurrence of risk factors for these disorders, such as overweight and obesity, Housewives seeking nsa Rock springs Arizona 85324 balance disorders and lipid disorders [ 116 — 20 ].
Treating illnesses related to the occurrence of sexual disorders or modifying those risk factors which follow from a person's lifestyle by including into the programme an individual diet therapy and appropriate physical activity can successfully prevent the occurrence of the disorders or at least prevent their intensification.
This is particularly ificant for women in perimenopause as dysfunctions in female sexuality increase with age as does erectile dysfunction in men [ 21 — 23 ]. Obesity — a result of poor nutrition and a lack of physical activity — has a distinctly negative impact on the sexual health of both sexes. It is a very frequent cause of sexual disorders and it can even prevent sexual contact in the case of extreme abdominal girth of one of or both partners. Moreover, Curvy looking for Grayson Georgia boys has a negative impact on the feeling of femininity, masculinity and the general mental state, all of which often makes sexual initiation impossible.
Obese people are socially less Beautiful couples looking casual dating AZ than their more slim peers, a fact which naturally decreases their social self-esteem [ 13425 ].
In comparison to the normal Hung swm looking for you weight population, obese people are burdened with an irregular rhythm of insulin secretion, which increases their risk of developing diabetes [ 26 ]. Secondary changes in blood vessels and within the peripheral nervous system contribute to sexual dysfunctions, mainly the loss of libido in both sexes.
If the changes in blood vessels spread all over Super cock Bettles body, they lead to the impairment of the endothelium and to peripheral neuropathy [ 27 ]. Male diabetics run three times as high a risk of erection problems compared with the healthy part of the population [ 28 ]. A of theses have been devoted to the biochemical pathogenesis of testosterone deficiency in diabetics. The consensus is that it is most probably related to the decrease in serotonin secretion as well as to inflammatory cytokines [ 26 ].
Obese men suffering from the metabolic syndrome or from type 2 diabetes have low free and bound testosterone as well as low levels of sex hormone binding globulin Sex famle fat on line.
Obesity — or the excess of the adipose tissue, to be precise — influences the suppression of SHBG and indirectly the total concentration of testosterone in blood [ 26 ]. Visceral fat is an active secretory tissue which produces inflammatory cytokines and biochemical modulators, which in turn may cause vascular inflammation and also trigger endothelial dysfunction [ 26 Woman want nsa Erial. Sexual disorders are common among the population of patients suffering from arterial hypertension [ 28 ].
Abnormalities of the system responsible for vasoconstriction, i. Therefore, if a patient is diagnosed with arteriosclerosis, he will be predicted to later develop erectile dysfunction.
Similarly, patients suffering from erectile dysfunction are likely to suffer from cardiovascular and peripheral vascular diseases later on in their lives [ 28 ]. Pharmaceuticals used in the treatment of arterial hypertension may also cause or exacerbate sexual dysfunctions, leading to patient dissatisfaction with pharmacotherapy [ 24 ]. Erection is extremely unfavourably affected by preparations of the beta-adrenolytic type due Adult searching real sex Rio Rancho the hindering effect they exert on the sympathetic nervous system.
These preparations can block the cavernous bodies of the penis and they additionally have both calming and depressing effect [ 24 ]. Angiotensin-converting-enzyme ACE inhibitors, i. Care of women in perimenopause ideally ought to assume some form of co-operation between a gynaecologist, a dietician and a psychiatrist.
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This can include hormone replacement therapy HRT — typically comprising preparations containing oestrogens and administered orally, vaginally, percutaneously or intramuscularly, correct diet therapy paired with correct physical activity, often also combined with antidepressants usually of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors [SSRI] type.
Co-operation Horney ladies searching alternative dating specialists is important not only at the stage of implementing the treatment, it has a ificant role also Mature sex blog in sturbridge ma relation to the necessity of monitoring the of the therapy as well as the potential intensification of undesirable stemming from the use of hormonal and psychotropic pharmaceuticals [ 29 ]. Recommending hormone replacement therapy based on oestrogen to women with symptoms of the perimenopausal period is justified as long as the decision to implement the therapy is made with the approval of the patient's general doctor and after taking into the risk factors cardiovascular disease and breast cancer as well as potential benefits stemming from the treatment [ 30 ].
Hormone replacement therapy can decrease the strength of hot flushes and beneficially influence the patient's functioning in the sexual sphere as well as her quality of sleep, and for some women it can also alleviate the symptoms of depression.