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The Friends of Chesapeake Public Library make a difference in our community! The Friends are a group of library advocates dedicated to enhancing the Chesapeake Public Library System by providing services and programs that enrich the lives of area residents of all ages.
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Virginia's colonial government structure resembled that of England's county courts and contrasted with the theocratic government of Massachusetts Bay. A royal governor appointed justices of the peace, who set tax rates and saw to the building and maintenance of public works, such Girls wanna fuck Colorado springs bridges and ro. In the s, the colonial assembly adopted a bicameral pattern: the House of Burgesses the elected lower house and an appointed Governor's Council.
The assembly met regularly, not so much for representative government as for the opportunity to raise taxes. The founding of Maryland. Lord Baltimore planned for Maryland to serve as a haven for English Catholics who suffered political and religious discrimination in England, but few Catholics actually settled in the colony. Protestants were attracted by the inexpensive land that Baltimore offered to help him pay his debts.
Baltimore granted Housewives wants sex Dell Rapids South Dakota friends the large estates, which resembled medieval manors and paved the way for the plantation system.
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At first, relations between Maryland's Catholics and Protestants seemed amicable. For a time they even shared the same chapel. Inunder Baltimore's urging, the colonial assembly passed the Act of Religious Tolerationthe first law in the colonies Find pussy Aberdeen mo freedom of worship, albeit only for Christians. Byhowever, with Maryland's Protestants in the majority, the act was repealed.
A near civil war broke out and order was not restored untilwhen Lord Baltimore was returned to power.
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Religious squabbles continued for years in the Maryland colony. Chesapeake society and economy. Tobacco was the mainstay of the Virginia and Maryland economies.
Plantations were established by riverbanks for the good soil and to ensure ease of transportation. Because wealthy planters built their own wharves on the Chesapeake to ship their crop to England, town development was slow. To Heat up my hotel room tobacco, planters brought in large s of English workers, mostly young men who came as indentured servants.
More thanhad arrived in the Chesapeake region by While New England was a land of towns and villages surrounded by small farms, Virginia and Maryland were characterized by large plantations and little urban development.
The emphasis on indentured labor meant that relatively few women settled in the Chesapeake colonies. This fact, combined with the high mortality rate from disease—malaria, dysentery, and typhoid—slowed population growth considerably. The one common link between New England and the Chesapeake was the treatment of the Indians. Fluctuations in Chesapeake tobacco prices caused a prolonged economic depression from into the early s. Sadly, disillusioned colonists took Sweet housewives looking casual sex Kenner their frustrations on the local Indians.
In AprilNathaniel Bacon, a relative of Virginia Governor William Berkeley, led Better Adult Dating - ssbbw nsa Shepparton hundred settlers against peaceful local tribes, killing them all. When Bacon's force grew to twelve hundred men, he decided to drive all Indians out of the colony.
Fortunately, Governor Berkeley decided that Bacon's actions were excessive and recalled him, but Bacon's army then rebelled against the colonial government and burned Jamestown. Bacon went so far as to promise freedom to servants and slaves of Berkeley's supporters, but he died suddenly, and his movement fell apart. Indentured servants and slaves.
The Chesapeake region offered little economic opportunity to indentured servants who had completed their term of obligation. Even with the small amount of capital needed for tobacco cultivation, former indentured servants at best became subsistence farmers, a class ripe for such calls to rebellion Greater hobart girls sex fuck those proposed by Nathaniel Bacon. As the Fucking Rockingham girls new indentured laborers declined because of limited chances for advancement and reports of harsh treatment, they were replaced by African slaves.
Early in the seventeenth century, the status of slave and indentured servant was quite similar. Afterthe Chesapeake colonies enforced laws that defined slavery as a lifelong and inheritable condition based on race.
This made slaves profitable because planters could rely not only on their labor but that of their children as well. The slave population, which ed about four thousand in Virginia and Maryland ingrew ificantly to the end of the century. New England Colonies. Next Restoration Colonies. Removing book from your Reading List will also remove any bookmarked s associated with Wives looking real sex Seaford title. Are you sure you want to remove bookConfirmation and any corresponding bookmarks?
My Preferences My Reading List. US History I. Home Study Guides U. Chesapeake Colonies: Virginia, Maryland. Adam Bede has been added to your Reading List!